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Research Support

XJTLU Library Research Support Guide will help to locate essential information about finding citations, desseminating your research, etc.

Why Citations Matter ?

As a traditional indicator for the impact and quality of academic outputs, citation plays an irreplaceable role in the assessment of research papers. Resulting from citation analysis or bibliometric analysis, citation counts quantify the citation usage of academic works, telling how often a work was cited in other works. 

On the one hand, with more and more scholarly works published every year, researchers have to be selective when gathering research materials. They must cite other's works when writing their own work. These are the evidences of their own research. On the other hand, if a work is cited by others, it proves that the work is accepted and acknowledged by others. Citations can also help researchers to understand how their researches are reaching the readers, find out the pattern in which their works are used, and add value to their resumes when applying for jobs and grants. 

NOTE: Citation count is not the only metric that measures the research impact of a work or a researcher. traditional metrics like h-index, new alternative metrics like online views, downloads and comments are also important when assessing the impact of a work. 

Bibliographic databases, or citation databases, can help to find out citation metrics for articles or individual authors, for example, times cited, citing references, h-index, etc. Two of the most famous citation databases are Web of Science and Scopus which will be introduced in the following sections. 

H-index

Today, in citation databases such as Web of Science and Scopus, h-index can be easily calculated.H-index is the number of articles "h" in a group of publications "N" that have received "h" or more citations. For example, if researcher A has published 20 (N) articles, and 12 (h) of his articles have received 12 (h) or more citations, then his h-index is 12. H-index can also be applied to journals. It is more like a median, which discounts the disproportionate weight of highly cited and uncited papers. But just as a scholarly work takes years to be cited, h-index may appear to be more favorable to older and more experienced researchers. 

How to Define Your Own Citations

In Web of Science, you can not only search for references, but also get citation metrics through the database's analysis functionality. 

NOTE:

  • Only indexed works in SCI, SSCI, and other indexes in WoS can be found in Web of Science.  
  • XJTLU Library's Web of Science access link can be found at our Database A-Z list.

Web of Science provides various search options, among which there are two useful options for finding citations and citation metrics for an individual author or an individual article. These two search options are Author Search and Cited Reference SearchWhen you get into the core collection (citation indexes) of Web of Science, you can find these options in a dropdown list above the search box.

Author Search

1. Enter the complete last name and the initials of the first name. Let's take Prof. Yuhui SHI from the Dept. of Electrical and Electronic Engineering for example. There might be name variants or authors with the same name, so you could add a name variant if needed. After you have entered the information, click "Select Research Domain". We do not recommend you to click "Finish Search" so soon at this stage. 

2. Select the author's research domains to further limit the results. You may select a broad category or expand the option to select narrower research fields. After that, click "Select Organization" to get more accurate results.

3. Find the author' s affiliation in the list. Here we select "X" and tick "XIAN JIAOTONG LIVERPOOL UNIV", and then click "Finish Search".

  • NOTE: Sometimes there might be a lot of name variants for an organization, for example, two or three name variants for XJTLU. You should tick all the variants to make sure that you do not leave out any right records. When you publish papers later, it is better to use the uniform name for our university.

4. A record list for the author's published articles will be shown. You can refine the results according to your needs, or find the "Full Text from Publisher" links provided by our university. Most importantly, there are a few analysis options on the right corner of the result list -- "Analyze Results" and "Create Citation Report".

 

"Analyze Results" will help to get more publishing patterns of the author, e.g., research fieldspublishing yearsco-authors' countries and organizationsfunding information, etc. "Create Citation Report" will generate a citation report of the author, including total citations, h-indexhighly-cited articles, citations by year, etc. You will be able to get an overview of the citation metrics.

5. If you would like to view the citation information of an individual article, click the title of that article in the record list. Citation information will be shown on the right of the detailed record page. The column will reflect the times cited, cited reference, citation map, most recent citations and link to a list of articles (in WoS core collection) which have cited the work. You can also set a citation alert so that notifications will be sent when the article gets a new citation.

In Web of Science, you can not only search for references, but also get citation metrics through the database's analysis functionality. 

NOTE:

  • Only indexed works in SCI, SSCI, and other indexes in WoS can be found in Web of Science.  
  • XJTLU Library's Web of Science access link can be found at our Database A-Z list.

Web of Science provides various search options, among which there are two useful options for finding citations and citation metrics for an individual author or an individual article. These two search options are Author Search and Cited Reference SearchWhen you get into the core collection (citation indexes) of Web of Science, you can find these options in a dropdown list above the search box.

Cited Reference Search

1. Select a search field and type in the required information. Search fields usually include Cited Title, Cited Author, Cited Work, Cited Year(s), etc.You can always click "Add Another field" to further limit the search result. You can also click "More Settings" to select a specific index.

  • NOTE: For Cited Work, i.e. journal title, abbreviation should be used. If you do not know the abbreviation of the journal title, click "View abbreviation list" and find the title abbreviation in the webpage.

2. Select the cited reference and click "Finish Search". Articles (available in WoS collection) will be listed out and you can find more related references. 

Scopus has broader indexes than Web of Science. It also provides the functionality of citation analysis. By using Scopus's Author Search, you can find an individual page for a author, all his/her documents indexed in Scopus and his/her citation metrics. It is even easier to search for an author within Scopus than in Web of Science. 

NOTE:

  • Only indexed works in Scopus can be found in the database.    
  • XJTLU Library's Scopus access link can be found at our Database A-Z list.

 

Author Search

1. The search interface of Author Search requires not only the author name but also his/her affiliation information. Type in the author's complete last name in the 1st search box, his/her initials in the 2nd box (separated by ".") and the complete name of his/her affiliation in the 3rd box. 

Let's take Prof. Yuhui SHI from the Dept. of Electrical and Electronic Engineering for example.

2. In the result list. Find the author you are looking for. You can view all his/her documents or citation overview by selecting the author. 

3. Click the author's name, and you will be directed to an individual author page.  Here all of the indexed documents published by the author will be listed, along with his citation metrics overview. You can select different options to view the detailed analysis of the author's output, h-graph, citations, etc. "View potential author matches" might help you to find additional records of the author if there are any variants of author name, affiliation name, etc. The "Get citation alerts" link enables you to set alerts for the author's citation changes.

Here are a few examples of the citation metrics analysis in Scopus.

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